J.Piłsudski arriving to Warsaw on 11th November 1918.
On 11th of November Józef Piłsudski took power and proclaimed an independent Republic of Poland. Poland was reborn and regained the status of an independent state after 123 years of being partitioned by Russia, Prussia and Austria (1795-1918).
The regaining of sovereignty by Poland took place in very complicated circumstances of the then Europe after the WWI, the revolution in Russia, the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Germany’s defeat. To regain control over their country for the first time in more than a century, the Poles had to defeat various occupying forces. A key turning point in the rebirth of the country was the victorious 1920 Battle of Warsaw with J.Piłsudski as a Commander-in-Chief. Józef Piłsudski played a crucial role in regaining of Poland’s sovereignty.
Nowadays, for Poles living both in Poland and abroad 11th of November has been one of the most important dates to celebrate.
Every year, in front of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on Piłsudski Square in Warsaw, there’s the most solemn ceremony of Changing of the Guard with the president, prime minister, top brass and hundreds of citizens of the Capital in attendance.
Celebrations across the country include concerts, parades, historical reconstructions and independent runs. It is also a time for family meetings.